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Shah Jahan | Mumtaz Mahal | Taj Mahal | Credits
Biography of Shah Jahan

Shah Jahan, birth: Jan 5, 1592, death: Jan 22, 1666

Shah Jahan (1592-1666), fifth Mughal emperor of India (1628-1658), the third son of Emperor Jahangir, born in Lahore (now in Pakistan). His full name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din Muhammad. As a young prince he commanded his father's army, leading many campaigns, but in 1623, compelled by the intrigues of the imperial consort, he rose in rebellion. At his father's death in 1627 he rushed to gra to claim the throne and, having killed all potential rivals, was crowned the following year and assumed the Mughal throne on the 24th of January 1628. He is known in history as Shahinshah-i-Adil, or the "Just Emperor". He worked long hours and kept an eye on every detail of administration of the Empire. He made the roads safe for travelers, severely punishing looters and robbers. He developed agriculture and improved trade with foreign countries. The result was that people became rich and the state revenue increased manifold. His reign saw two wars in the Deccan (1636, 1655), the subjugation of Bijapur and Golconda (1636), and attacks on the Uzbegs and Persians. Much of his long reign was spent in campaigns in the Deccan, which he never entirely managed to subdue. Above all, however, it was distinguished by architectural splendor; he built the Taj Mahal and the Pearl Mosque at gra and presided over the construction of Delhi, which he made his capital. Deposed by his son Aurangzeb in 1658, Shah Jahan was imprisoned in the Octagonal Tower of the Agra Fort (a beautiful addition to the fort that he himself had constructed) and died later on.